Wood Mackenzie research director, Robert Sims, said: “While the collapse of LNG prices towards US production breakevens was foreseeable, the narrative for the rest of 2020 could not be more unpredictable.
“An already oversupplied LNG market comes out of a mild winter with high inventories across Europe and Asia, only to face a global pandemic which has already destroyed gas demand across China and looks increasingly set to do the same across the Asia Pacific and Europe.
“We expect global LNG demand to grow by 6% year-on-year to 371 million t in 2020; the numbers will need constant revision as economies around the world feel the force of the growing pandemic.”
According to the statement, the impact to Chinese gas consumption has been significant, as robust containment measures were quickly put in place through January and February. With a resumption in economic activity, Wood Mackenzie estimates a full-year gas demand reduction of between 6 billion m3 and 14 billion m3 in 2020. This translates to a 4 – 6% growth in gas demand this year.
With the amount of new cases continuing to decrease in China on a daily basis, policy has now begun to focus on gearing up economic recovery. Daily tariff indicators suggest transport and logistic constraints are being lifted quickly. In addition to this, Wood Mackenzie reports that the Chinese government is reducing gas prices to non-residential users, which provides support to coronavirus-affected businesses to resume operations. Nevertheless, these are reportedly insufficient to stir lost-demand recovery and new coal-to-gas switching programmes.
According to the statement, China’s LNG demand is expected to reach 65 million t this year, representing a 6.6% growth year-on-year.
In Europe, low gas prices continue to support gas-fired generation. However, future coronavirus containment measures and threats of an economic downturn pose a risk. Wood Mackenzie believes that, in the worst-case scenarios, we could see lockdowns deployed in an increasing number of countries, risking severe disruptions to global supply chains by restricting movements of people and goods.
If low oil prices continue, oil-indexed LNG contracts in both Japan and South Korea will become less expensive. This could impact coal generation in favour of gas in both markets, as soon as August this year, similar to how sustained low TTF prices in 2019 removed coal from power grids across North West Europe.
Sims said: “We expect Japan’s LNG demand to grow 5.1% to 81 million t in 2020, compared to last year. At the same time, South Korea’s LNG demand is expected to rise 7.7% to 42 million t, as more LNG displaces coal in the power sector of both countries.”
Elsewhere, Wood Mackenzie claims that attention moves to potential loss of associated US gas supply, which could negatively affect US LNG producers further. Nevertheless, the impact will likely be felt through 2021 due to the delayed nature of drilling reductions.
Sims added: “At a lower US$35 per barrel oil price, we could expect about 2 billion ft3/d of US gas production to be impacted by middle of next year.”
Importantly, Wood Mackenzie points out that the fundamentals behind the global LNG oversupply remain: strong production growth, weak Northeast Asian demand (prices as low as US$2.75/million Btu) and an increasingly saturated European gas market (TTF prices have sunk to US$2.98/million Btu).
Sims added: “Prospects of any quick recovery in the latter two have been dealt a blow by the impending economic downturn many are predicting this year, leaving the only likely balancing item left – a turn down of US Gulf coast production. We forecast 0.5 billion ft3/d of production will be lost through Q2 – Q3, but there is risk that this number may prove too conservative if demand drops further.”
Read the article online at: https://www.lngindustry.com/liquid-natural-gas/01042020/wood-mackenzie-releases-gas-and-lng-outlook/